The Pomeranian dog became a member of households and towns in many parts of Europe, primarily Germany. During that time, this breed took on many different names according to his size and the area which he flourished.

The Germans chose this dog as one of its national breeds, but rather calls it by the general name of the German Spitz.

The Pomeranian throughout History

Pomeranian dog breed dates back to prehistoric times.

History shows these dogs were well-known and loved. For instance, in Athens dating back to 56 B.C., there is a representation of a little Spitz leaping up to the daughter of a family. In the British Museum, the dog is seen in an ancient bronze jar of Greek origin, upon which is engraved a group of winged horses at whose feet there is a small dog looking just like a Pomeranian. The date is the second century, B.C.

Nowadays, researchers and dog owners generally accept that, wherever the Pomeranian dog originated, it comes from a Northern or Arctic breed. Evidence goes to show that his native land was in north Siberia along the shores of the Arctic Ocean. The land was called Samoyeds. The Samoyed dog gradually made its way to England.

The similarity between large white Pomeranians and the Samoyed is too huge to be accidental. During prehistoric times, a migration of the Samoyed breed was made from their native land into Pomerania, the most eastern province of Prussia bordering on the Baltic Sea. These people took with them their dogs, which were the ancestors of the present dog breeds of Pomeranians or Spitz.

The Pomeranian: Popularity Rises

No organized registers of Pomeranians prior to the year 1870 are found in England. Even a decade later, little was known or appreciated about this dog. A well-known writer on dogs at the time began an article on the Pomeranian with the words “The Pomeranian is admittedly one of the least interesting dogs in existence, and consequently his supporters are few and far between.”

The Kennel Club held their first dog show in 1870 and only three Pomeranians were exhibited. In 25 years, more than 135 Pomeranians appeared in the dog shows.

This big increase in popularity might have been spurred by the formation of the Pomeranian Club of England, which was founded in 1891.

The Perfect Pomeranian

One of the first acts of the club was to draw up a standard of points. Some of those ideals include that the appearance of this breed of dog should be compact and well-knit in its frame. The dog should show great intelligence in its expressions and movements.

The head should almost be fox-like. The hair on the head and face will be smooth and short-coated. The dog”s small ears should not hang down too low but be erect like those of a fox.

A short neck and back with a well-rounded barrel are ideal characteristics. The tail should be turned over the back and carried flat and straight, being profusely covered with long, harsh hair.

The dog”s coat actually contains two coats, an undercoat and an overcoat. The first one is a soft, fluffy undercoat. The other one has a perfectly straight coat covering the whole body with a harsh texture.

In exhibition standards, all whole colors are acceptable, but there should not be any white or shadings throughout the animal.

Pomeranians of today can range in size of less than 5 pounds to up to 12 or more pounds. The miniature version can fit in a human”s hand. Present-day breeders are trying to get these dogs as small as possible. The smaller ones can be sold for bigger prices.

The white dogs stick more closely to the original type and weigh more than 8 pounds. However, some breeders have been able to get their dogs under this limit.

Among toy dog breeds, Pomeranians gain popularity.

Pomeranians have gained an unprecedented growth in popularity among the toy dog category. There are no signs that owners are giving up on their affection and devotion to these little dogs.

The dogs have a handsome look, show devotion to their own and are easy to care for as a house dog. His many other admirable qualities will always make the Pomeranian a favorite for those living in rural or metropolitan areas.


Leighton, R. (2004). Dogs and all About Them. Retrieved March 24, 2008, from The Project Gutenberg EBook of Dogs and All About Them Web site: http://www.gutenberg.org/files/10991/10991.txt.