Hunting Equipment

Without a doubt, the type of hunting equipment you bring on your hunt plays a central role in the type of game (if any) you bring home. Yet, when it comes to choosing the right type of hunting equipment for a trip, you may be overwhelmed with the variety of choices.

Between guns, knives, bows and traps, amateur hunters can be left wondering which hunting weapons will work best for them. Even experienced hunters looking to hunt new game can be confused about which pieces of hunting equipment are best suited for a particular hunt.

In general, the following two factors will influence which type of weapon will be best for a hunting trip:

  • how comfortable the hunter is using that weapon
  • the type of game the hunter is after.

Many pieces of hunting weaponry can be used to hunt a variety of different game. However, the key to choosing the right weapons to bring is selecting equipment with which the hunter is familiar so that he can efficiently use his weapons at the most critical moments of the hunt.

If you are a new hunter or you are looking to branch out to hunting different types of game, you may want to start practicing with a few different types of hunting weapons before taking them out on a trip. This will not only increase your familiarity with different equipment, but it will also help to broaden your overall hunting skills.

Keep in mind also that you will likely need to bring a few different types of hunting weapons on your trip. After all, environmental factors and other circumstances may force you to use one type of weapon, rather than another. The best hunters are trained and ready to use different pieces of hunting equipment to suit any given situation.

In this section, we will focus on the main types of hunting weapons modern hunters use. Our articles will highlight the pros and cons of each piece of hunting equipment so that you have a better understanding of when to use or not use each hunting weapon.

Rifles and Shotguns

As one of the most popular pieces of hunting equipment, guns allow hunters to target and quickly kill game. However, choosing the right type of gun for a hunting trip can be as complicated and involved as picking out your hunting equipment, as guns come in a variety of makes and models to suit different occasions.

As you are trying to find the best rifle or shotgun for a hunt, you will have to negotiate the right combination of the following four features:

  • barrel length, the measure of the length of the cylinder through which a bullet traverses when a gun is shot
  • choke, the measure of how open or narrow a gun”s barrel is
  • gauge, the measure of a gun barrel”s diameter
  • shot size, the size of the bullet.

The sum of all of these features will determine how fast or slow your bullets travel. Although some may assume that faster bullets are always better, this is not, in fact, the case. In general, the closer the target, the slower a hunter wants his bullet to travel.

The location of your hunt may also play a role in determining what type of rifle and/or shotgun you should bring when hunting.


Like hunting guns, hunting knives come in a number of varieties to suit different occasions. In general, the best knives to take on hunting trips are ones that can serve a variety of purposes. For example, the Bowie Knife, a popular type of hunting knife, consists of a straight blade with a curved point at the end. This allows the Bowie Knife to not only be effective at making clean stabs and slices (with the straight edge) but also to be efficient at removing pelts from a carcass (with the curved point).

The Buck Knife, Hog Knife and Colt Knife are all other types of knives commonly used in hunting. While they tend to be less expensive than guns, hunting knives do have their own associated drawbacks.


Gun Selection (n.d.). Hunting. Retrieved December 5, 2007 from the Gun Selection Web site: