Dogue De Bordeaux

While the Dogue de Bordeaux was bred for fighting centuries ago, today, this type of dog is a popular family pet and guard dog. Although the Dogue de Bordeaux has been in France since the 14th century, it did not have a uniform breed type until around 1920.

Appearance of the Dogue de Bordeaux

Also called the French Mastiff or the Bordeaux Bulldog, the Dogue de Bordeaux is a stocky and powerful dog. Their typical heights can range from 23 to 30 inches, and these dogs usually weigh between 120 and 145 pounds. The lifespan of the Dogue de Bordeaux is usually 10 to 12 years. Some physical characteristics of these dogs include:

  • black or red mask distinct in color from the surrounding fur
  • broad, wrinkled heads
  • hanging ears
  • huge heads with circumferences up to 30 inches
  • long, hanging upper lips that cover the lower jaws
  • loose hanging skin on neck, forming a dewlap
  • open nostrils
  • soft, short coats
  • tapering tails
  • thick skin and bodies
  • undershot jaws.

The Dogue de Bordeaux appears in various shades of fawn and mahogany, and some dogs have white markings on the toes or chest.

Temperament of the Dogue de Bordeaux

In the past, the Dogue de Bordeaux had a ferocious nature since it was bred mostly for fighting. In recent years, however, breeders have been able to soften this temperament to one more suited to family life. The Dogue de Bordeaux of today is very affectionate, devoted and loyal to its human family.

These dogs make excellent watchdogs because they tend to be confrontational with strangers and have no fear of them. The Dogue de Bordeaux can do well as a family pet as long as the human owner is:

  • consistent with training
  • dominant
  • experienced with strong, large dogs.

The Dogue de Bordeaux is gentle and loving with children and other members of its human family. Although the temperament of the Dogue de Bordeaux is stable, this breed can sometimes be stubborn. Nevertheless, the Dogue de Bordeaux is trainable and learns at an average rate.

Adult supervision is needed with children, of course, because of this dog”s size and strength.

The Dogue de Bordeaux and Other Dogs

Due to its fighting history, the Dogue de Bordeaux can be very aggressive with other dogs. As a result, start socializing puppies at an early age to temper this problem. Keep in mind, as well, that males of this breed do not tolerate other males.

Health and Exercise

The Dogue de Bordeaux is an athletic dog and needs a high level of exercise. These dogs do best when taken for long walks every day. When they are indoors, they tend to be inactive.

While the Dogue de Bordeaux is generally healthy, breeding is often a challenge. Dogue de Bordeaux puppies have such large heads that they often need to be born by Cesarean section. Similarly, because the mothers have such broad chests, they sometimes nurse lying on their stomachs, which can crush the puppies.

Learning More about the Dogue De Bordeaux

The Dogue de Bordeaux Society of America is a great way to connect with other Dogue de Bordeaux enthusiasts and learn all about the breed. They can recommend responsible Dogue de Bordeaux breeders or put you in touch with rescue organizations. You should be able to find Dogue de Bordeaux puppies for sale for between $1,200 and $2,000.


American Kennel Club (2008). Dogue de Bordeaux. Retrieved January 28, 2008, from the American Kennel Club Web site:

Dog Breed Information Center (2008). Dogue de Bordeaux (French Mastiff) (Bordeaux Bulldog). Retrieved January 28, 2008, from the Dog Breed Information Center Web site:

Dog de Bordeaux Society of America, Inc. (2005). Home Page. Retrieved January 28, 2008, from the Dog de Bordeaux Society of America Web site: