Democratic Party Structure

The Libertarian Party is an American political party that was founded on Dec. 11, 1971. With more than 200,000 registered voters and over 600 individuals in public office (including county executives and council members, as well as mayors, local officials and school board members), the party has more people in office than any of the other third parties combined. Recent polls show that up to 20 percent of voters share Libertarian views and are affiliated with this type of political party.

The Libertarian political philosophy has been called the freedom philosophy, because it endorses power of the individual. The belief is that each person should own his own life.

Within the national Libertarian political party, there are two basic philosophies that further define the party: the Right Theorists and the Consequentialists:

  • The Consequentialists lean more toward government involvement, although that involvement is still to be limited. They believe that a large amount of economic and politic freedom will enhance and determine the well-being of a society.
  • The Right Theorists state that all interaction among people must be consensual and voluntary. This includes the government’s interaction with the private lives of individuals.

Libertarians are not a clearly homogeneous group, as there is a broad variety of structure, stance and philosophy existing among Libertarian allies. Some individuals support the Libertarian Party, some actually support the philosophies without an existing and separate party and still others try to work within more powerful parties in order to incorporate the Libertarian philosophies.

Libertarian Structure

The basic structure and composition of the United States Libertarian Party consists of the LNC (Libertarian National Committee) and the LNCC (the Libertarian National Congressional Committee). Each state also has its own group or committee with state and regional involvement.

Campaign activities are coordinated through state and local groups. The Unified Membership Program used to allow state parties to share national dues with the LNC, but this program was terminated in 2006 due to monetary deficits.

The Libertarian Party structure helps support the goals of the party.

Libertarian Stance

The Libertarian stance is focused on individual liberties. According to the party, individual liberties must exist as a given condition in order for societies to be moral and solid. The Libertarian platform, therefore, believes in laissez-faire principles. By reducing the state’s function in the economy, individuals will be allowed to live more freely.

Additionally, Libertarians want to abolish laws against victimless crimes, crimes such as prostitution, fraternization and the use of controlled substances. They are also opposed to the draft and specific regulations relating to businesses. It is only through the consistent exercise of these principals that collective respect for all rights can exist.

The goals of the party are reflected in the Libertarian Party stance.

Libertarian History

The Libertarian Party originated as a small group of enthusiasts in the living room of David Nolan in 1971 in Colorado. Today it is the third-largest U.S. political party.

Through education and conventions, this party has grown significantly since its start. The party has climbed out of debt, adopted states in need and has generated tremendous media attention through its growth and strategies.

Despite obstacles, millions of citizens have voted for libertarian candidates throughout Libertarian Party history.