Corona Virus

Corona virus, also known as canine corona virus or as CCV, is a very common virus that mostly affects puppies and younger dogs. The disease is the second-leading cause of diarrhea in puppies, behind only canine parvovirus.

Corona virus mostly affects puppies because adult dogs have built up immunity to the disease through exposure in early life. Canine corona virus has been a problem for the dog population for many decades. Some adult dogs may come down with mild cases of canine corona virus that can go unnoticed by their owners. Not all cases of corona virus will be lasting or have noticeable symptoms.

Spread and Occurrence of Canine Corona Virus

The majority of puppies and dogs are exposed to canine corona virus during their lifetimes. Corona virus is spread through virus shedding in the feces of an infected dog.

Virus shedding is the release of certain organisms, in this case virus cells, into the environment by an infected animal. The animal may or may not be showing symptoms of the disease at the time that virus shedding occurs.

Canine Corona Virus Symptoms

The main symptom associated with canine corona virus is severe diarrhea. This can last several days, which can lead to dehydration in dogs, especially in puppies. Owners should encourage fluid intake. Most cases of corona virus are not serious or life-threatening, but pet owners should still monitor their dogs and watch for other symptoms.

Distinguishing Corona Virus from Parvovirus

While diarrhea is a primary symptom for both the corona virus and parvovirus, most dogs with corona virus will not be experiencing vomiting, as dogs with parvovirus generally will.

However, without veterinary lab testing, there is no way to conclusively determine whether diarrhea is the result of corona virus or parvovirus. In some cases, the affected dog may be suffering from both diseases simultaneously.

As diarrhea can also be an indicator of more serious conditions than corona virus, a veterinarian should be seen as soon as possible if a puppy or dog is experiencing diarrhea. Puppies, especially those that are younger than 12 weeks old, can die from corona virus in severe cases, so pet owners should be especially careful with dogs that young.

Treatment of Canine Corona Virus

While there is no one specific treatment for canine corona virus, treatment is generally aimed at preventing symptoms from worsening. Specifically, dehydration should be prevented if possible, especially in very young puppies.

Dogs may need to be force-fed water or other liquids. In some cases, liquids may need to be given by a veterinarian through an IV or subcutaneously (under the skin).

Canine Corona Virus Prevention

The easiest way to prevent canine corona virus in your dog or puppy is to make sure he stays up-to-date on corona virus vaccines. Corona virus vaccination can begin when a puppy is just six weeks old.

Also, corona virus can be killed by most disinfectants and cleaners, so keeping your dog or puppy’s environment sanitary is a good corona virus prevention method.