Uterine Cancer Diagnosis

Initial uterine cancer diagnosis involves an internal pelvic examination and a Pap smear. A Pap smear is useful for establishing the presence of abnormal cells. However, as endometrial cancer originates in the uterus, a Pap smear is unlikely to detect the presence of uterine cancer. In fact, more than fifty percent of cases of cancer of the uterus show normal Pap results.

The Pap smear is, however, the standard method of screening for cancers of the cervixthe lowest part of the uterus. Follow the link to learn more about cervical cancer and the Pap smear.

TVUS and Uterine Cancer Diagnosis

TVUS (transvaginal ultrasound) may be used to determine abnormal thickening of the uterus. As with the Pap smear, TVUS has limited value for diagnosing endometrial cancer.

Additional Tests for Uterine Cancer Diagnosis

Additional testing is required to diagnose endometrial cancer. Specific tests for uterine cancer diagnosis include:

Endometrial Biopsy: Endometrial biopsy for uterine cancer involves inserting a very thin, flexible tube, through the cervix into the uterus to remove a small sample of endometrial tissue.