Understanding Glaucoma After A New Diagnosis

If you’ve just been diagnosed with glaucoma, you may be uncertain of what this will mean for your future. Understanding glaucoma and the potential risks will help you make the right choices in seeking out medical help and treatment options.

Understanding the Condition: Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a condition that results from an increased level of pressure on the optic nerve, called intraocular pressure (IOP). This condition affects each individual differently, but it can potentially cause blurry vision and partial or full blindness. Early detection of this disease is the key to maintaining your vision.
The four main types of glaucoma are congenital, angle-closure, normal-tension and open-angle.
Open-angle is the most prevalent type, making up over 90 percent of all glaucoma diagnoses. Angle-closure is the most serious type, and can lead to a rapid deterioration of vision if not dealt with quickly. Congenital glaucoma affects those with the condition from birth. Normal-tension glaucoma is one of the most treatable forms, because IOP is lower than it is in other forms, and can usually be stabilized with medication or surgery.

Things to Discuss With Your Doctor

If you have been recently diagnosed with glaucoma, discuss your condition and treatment options with your doctor. You should ask which type of glaucoma you have, as well as what stage it has reached.
You might ask if the doctor can detect a specific cause behind your glaucoma, and whether or not it’s hereditary. Finally, you’ll want to know how your vision is likely to be affected immediately and in the future.
In addition to these questions about your condition, you should ask about your treatment options. Ask which glaucoma treatments are available and which the doctor feels are most appropriate for you. You may want to inquire about any possible risks or side effects that the treatment will entail. If your doctor recommends medication, make sure you get all the facts and information.

Is There a Cure for Glaucoma?

There is no cure for glaucoma. Vision loss from glaucoma cannot be regained once lost, but often times vision can be stabilized and preserved through a combination of medicine and surgical procedures. An early diagnosis is the best chance of controlling the condition.
If you’re having a hard time dealing with glaucoma, you’re not alone. Try reading about famous people with glaucoma to see how they dealt with the condition.