Thrush Infection

What is Thrush Infection? Image

Thrush is an overgrowth of a yeast fungus called candida. While candida is normally found on your skin and in your stomach, colon, vagina, rectum, mouth and throat, it can causes health problems when there is an overgrowth of the fungus in any area of your body.

People with compromised immune systems, as well as infants and the elderly, are at an increased risk for developing thrush. People with diabetes and those taking antibiotics are also at a higher risk for getting fungal yeast infections.

In this section, we’ll discuss the many different types of thrush, including male yeast infections, chronic yeast infections, vaginal yeast infections and oral thrush. We’ll offer information on the causes and also explain the risk factors for each.

Oral Thrush

Oral thrush is an often-painful infection that occurs when candida grows uncontrollably in the mouth. It is common in infants, people who wear dentures and those who have compromised immune systems.

Oral thrush causes creamy white lesions to form on your tongue and/or inner cheeks. It can make it painful or difficult to swallow and can also cause a fever. Read on to learn more about oral thrush.

Vaginal Yeast Infections

Vaginal yeast infections occur when candida grows uncontrollably in a woman’s vagina. While yeast infections are common in women who use birth control pills that contain estrogen, they are also common in pregnant women and in women who are taking antibiotics.

Symptoms of vaginal yeast infections include:

  • abnormal vaginal discharge
  • inflammation of the skin around the vulva
  • pain during intercourse
  • painful urination
  • vaginal burning and itching.

While vaginal yeast infections are often painful, they tend to clear up within a few days of starting medication. Keep reading to learn more about vaginal yeast infections.

Male Yeast Infections

Many people think yeast infections occur only in females. Although yeast infections are less common in men than in women, men can also develop them.

Signs and symptoms of a male yeast infection include a red rash on the penis and itching or burning at the tip of the penis. However, these symptoms most often disappear within a few days of starting medication.

While men with compromised immune systems or men who are taking antibiotics are at an increased risk of developing male yeast infections, so too are men who have vaginal intercourse with women who have vaginal yeast infections. Read on to get more information on male yeast infections.

Thrush in Infants

Baby thrush is particularly troublesome, as it can be passed from baby to mother and back again during breastfeeding. Baby thrush is usually visible as white patches on the inside of the infant’s lips and cheeks. It may also be seen on the gums and tongue.

Luckily, thrush in infants typically doesn’t require treatment. In general, the condition will resolve on its own within one week. Some infections, however, may take up to one month to fully resolve.

To relieve thrush symptoms, your doctor might prescribe an antifungal medication that can be applied topically or administered orally. Keep reading to learn more about thrush in infants.