Thrush Infection Treatment Oral

Oral thrush treatments vary, and can range from prescription antifungal drugs to oral antibiotics to home remedies. The type of oral thrush treatment your doctor prescribes will often depend on the severity of the infection. While home remedies for oral thrush may be sufficient for mild cases of thrush, people with suppressed immune systems may require aggressive oral thrush treatment with antifungal drugs.

Antifungal Drugs for Oral Thrush

Antifungal drugs for oral thrush treatment come in a variety of forms, including tablets, liquids and lozenges. Topical antifungal drugs are usually used to treat infants with oral thrush or for mild cases of oral thrush in adults. More powerful oral antifungal drugs are used to combat large outbreaks of thrush.

Antifungal drugs, as the name implies, impair the growth of fungal organisms, including Candida Albicans, the yeast that is responsible for oral thrush.

A course of oral thrush treatment with antifungal drugs usually lasts 10 to 14 days. Antifungal drugs can damage the liver, so blood tests to monitor liver function are often recommended during oral thrush treatment. This is especially important if there is a history of liver disease or if antifungal drugs will be used for an unusually long period of time.

Topical Oral Thrush Treatment

Mild cases of oral thrush in children are common. If the child is otherwise healthy, thrush may not require any form of treatment. Infants and children usually receive topical oral thrush treatment in the form of lozenges or a liquid that is swished around in the mouth and swallowed.

Topical antifungal medication may be used to treat adults with mild cases of thrush, but the adult mouth is large, making it difficult to ensure that a topical medication will reach the infection site.

Oral Antifungal Drugs

A severe case of oral thrush can spread down the throat and into the esophagus. Oral antifungal medications are the primary choice for infections of this nature.

Oral antifungal drugs are also used to treat chronic oral thrush infections. These drugs may be supplemented by topical oral thrush treatment.

Preventative Oral Thrush Treatment

People with suppressed immune systems, such as HIV/AIDS patients, are at a higher than normal risk of oral thrush infections. Oral thrush infections also tend to be more severe and more likely to spread to other areas of the body if the immune system is compromised.

To prevent people with compromised immune systems from getting oral thrush, a doctor may prescribe oral antifungal drugs. These drugs can help prevent thrush infections from developing.

Candida Albicans is, however, capable of building up a resistance to antifungal drugs. This is a risk with preventative oral thrush treatment. If thrush becomes resistant to the more commonly used antifungal drugs, more powerful medication such as ketoconazole or fluconazole may be prescribed.

Home Remedies for Oral Thrush

One of the most popular home remedies for oral thrush is unsweetened yogurt. The yogurt should contain active cultures of acidophilus bacteria and should be unsweetened, as oral thrush thrives in sugar-rich environments.

Yogurt with acidophilus bacteria does not actually cure thrush infections, but does help restore the body’s natural balance of microscopic life, which reduces thrush fungal levels.

In addition, people should practice good oral hygiene in order to prevent thrush. Brush teeth after eating, or at least twice a day. After brushing, floss. Do not use a mouthwash, as it can disrupt the natural balance of organisms in your mouth and actually contribute to oral thrush.

Resources

Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. (19 August 2005). Oral thrush. Retrieved July 12, 2007, from the Mayo Clinic Web site: www.mayoclinic.com/health/oral-thrush/DS00408/DSECTION=7.

U.S. National Library of Medicine. (updated 27 October 2005). Thrush. Retrieved July 12, 2007, from the National Library of Medicine Web site:www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000626.htm#Treatment.