The Common Causes And Treatments For Infertility In Men

If you and your partner are having trouble conceiving naturally, you can employ several types of infertility treatments to help. Treatments for infertility in men usually involve medications, hormones and behavioral therapy.

The Causes of Male Infertility
Male infertility is generally caused by low sperm production or motility, which can be a result of a number of different causes. The body may produce abnormal or impaired sperm as a result of genetic defects, infections, or biological problems such as undescended testicles.

Infertility may also be caused when the sperm cannot effectively reach the vagina, due to conditions such as premature ejaculation or retrograde ejaculation (when the sperm is emptied into the bladder instead of traveling through the urethra and exiting the body). Impotence results in infertility.

Too much expose to harmful environmental factors such as chemical pollutants and pesticides can effect sperm production. Temporary environmental factors, such as the exposure to heat from hot tubs or saunas, may also lower sperm counts for a short duration, making it more difficult for your partner to conceive.

Men who have had radiation therapy or chemotherapy treatments for cancer or other illnesses are likely to suffer from decreased sperm production, which can be severe. In many cases, men who have undergone radiation and chemotherapy treatments may not be able to naturally father children.

Lifestyle factors may contribute to infertility. Men who frequently use alcohol, tobacco or illicit substances may have decreased sperm function. Poor nutrition and obesity may play a role in lower sperm production as well.

Treating Infertility in Men
If the infertility is caused by problems with sexual performance, such as premature ejaculation, retrograde ejaculation or impotence, doctors can try to treat these problems using medication or behavioral therapy.

If the infertility is caused by low sperm counts or inadequate sperm motility, hormone therapy may be attempted to correct the problem. If this is ineffective, surgery may be employed.

A varicocele is a collection of veins found in the scrotum. If these veins are blocked, a low sperm count may result. Varicocele repair surgery is used to correct such blockages.

In the event medication, hormone therapy and surgery aren’t effective, a man may still help to conceive a child through Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART). For this method, sperm must be taken from the testicles and used to manually implant the egg.

ART includes several surgical procedures to treat infertility in women, as well as men.