Preparing For Cataracts Surgery Risks Costs And What To Expect

If you decide to undergo cataract surgery, your doctor will remove your clouded lens and replace it with a prosthetic one. Discuss the necessary steps of preparing for cataract surgery with your doctor before the day of the procedure, as well as any considerations for recovery.

Preparing for Cataract Surgery

Although the process of cataracts surgery is relatively simple, you’ll have to take a few preparative measures. After you schedule your surgery, you should inform your doctor of any medications or nutritional supplements you’re taking to avoid any foreseeable complications of the procedure.
Your doctor will often instruct you to avoid eating and drinking for the 12 to 24 hours leading up to surgery.

The Process of Cataract Surgery

When you arrive for your surgery, you’ll be given eye drops to dilate your pupils. You may be given a sedative, or even local or topical anesthesia to make the operation painless.
Your doctor will use an operating microscope to make a small incision and remove the affected lens. Sonic or mechanical technology can be used to break up the cataract before it’s removed.
Your doctor will then replace the removed lens with a plastic or silicon intraocular lens. In most cases, the incision will be self-healing. In the event that stitches are used, they will dissolve on their own within a few days.
When the surgery is over, the doctor will place a shield over your eye and allow you to rest in the outpatient area. You’ll need to have someone with you to drive you home after the procedure.

Recovering From Cataract Surgery

You should be able to resume your typical day-to-day activity within one to two days. Over the following weeks and months, your vision will gradually restore to its maximum potential.
Minor side effects experienced by some patients include drooping eyelids, increased intraocular pressure, inflammation of the retina and cornea and sensitivity to light. These sensations are temporary and should disappear within one week, or one month at the most.
Major complications may include posterior capsule opacity (PCO), meaning that a capsule behind the implanted lens is clouded. It can be corrected by a simple and painless outpatient procedure.
Another rare but potentially major complication is retinal detachment, which consists of the retina moving from its position at the back of the eye. Without surgical correction, this condition usually leads to full or partial blindness.
If you are hesitant to undergo corrective surgery, or you feel your cataracts aren’t advanced enough to warrant surgery, you may want to look into alternative methods of treating cataracts.