Pediatric Cancer Healthcare Team

Pediatric cancer treatment usually takes place in a children’s hospital oncology ward. Oncology is the area of medicine that specializes in cancer treatment. The oncology department of the children’s hospital will likely be a medical teaching and research center as well as a pediatric cancer ward.

Cancer treatment requires a multidisciplinary health care team, including:

  • doctors
  • medical technicians
  • nurses
  • support staff.

Most children’s hospitals consider parents an integral part of the health care team.

The Cancer Treatment Health Care Team

The sheer number of medical professionals and support staff included in an oncology health care team may overwhelm both the patient and the parents, especially while they get used to the hospital’s physical layout and schedule. Below are lists of some of the medical professionals and support staff that may be part of a child’s oncology health care team.

Pediatric and Oncology Specialists

A number of specialists may be involved:

  • Endocrinologist: This is a specialist in diseases of the endocrine system.
  • Neurologist: Neurologists are specialists in brain disorders.
  • Ophthalmologist: This is a specialist in eye disorders.
  • Pediatric Hematologist: These specialists treat blood-related diseases such as leukemia in children.
  • Pediatric Hematology Fellow: This is a pediatrician studying to be a pediatric hematologist.
  • Pediatric Oncologist: This is a children’s hospital specialist who deals with oncology, or cancer treatment, in children.
  • Pediatric Oncology Fellow: This is a pediatrician studying at the children’s hospital to become a pediatric oncologist.
  • Pediatric Resident: This is a doctor studying at the children’s hospital to become a pediatrician.
  • Urologist: Urologists are specialists in the treatment of urinary tract diseases.

Oncology Surgeons and the Health Care Team

If the cancer treatment requires surgery, specialized surgeons may also be part of the health care team. Surgeons often found in children’s hospitals include:

  • Neurosurgeons: These are specialists in brain and spinal cord surgery.
  • Orthopedic Surgeons: These are specialists in bone surgery.
  • Pediatric Surgeons: Pediatric surgeons specialize in surgery for children.
  • Thoracic Surgeons: These are specialists in chest cavity surgery.

Medical Support Staff and the Health Care Team

The medical support staff includes lab technicians and other skilled health care workers. During cancer treatment, patients and family may interact with several medical support team members, including:

  • Anesthesiologists: These are specialists in the administration of anesthesia and pain medication.
  • Pathologists: These are doctors who specialize in the diagnosis of disease through microscopic and laboratory examination.
  • Pharmacologists: These are experts in medicinal properties, drug interactions and side effects.
  • Radiation Therapists: These are doctors specially trained in the administration of radiation therapy cancer treatment.
  • Radiologists: These are experts in reading X-rays and other diagnostic images.

Nurses and the Health Care Team

Children’s hospital nurses are important members of the health care team. In addition to assisting doctors and administering medication, children’s hospital nurses provide support to patients and family, and educate families on cancer treatment. Nurses may include:

  • Oncology Clinical Nurse: This is a nurse with a master’s degree in oncology nursing. Duties of oncology clinical nurses include preparation and administration of cancer treatment and patient support.
  • Registered Nurse: Registered nurses can administer medication and provide medical support (starts IVs, takes vital signs, etc.).
  • Licensed Practical Nurse: These nurses perform a number of tasks to support patient care and treatment.

Other Members of the Health Care Team

In addition to doctors, nurses and medical support staff, children’s hospitals provide non-medical support for patients and their families. Support may come from:

  • Oncology Social Workers: These are social workers familiar with the emotional, practical and financial demands of pediatric cancer treatment.
  • Pediatric Psychologists: Pediatric psychologists provide counseling to patients, and may offer family therapy sessions.
  • Recreational Therapists: These are children’s hospital therapists who help children maintain physical and emotional health by playing games.

Children’s Hospitals and Cancer Treatment Centers

Below you’ll find a list of children’s hospitals and pediatric cancer treatment facilities in the United States. Consult the list to find the cancer treatment facility nearest you. Please note that the list isn’t all-inclusive.

Consult your doctor if you can’t find a local children’s hospital on this list.

State

Children’s Hospital/Cancer Treatment Center

Arizona

Phoenix Children’s Hospital

Good Samaritan Medical Center909 E. Brill StreetPhoenix, AZ 85006

University of Arizona Health Sciences Center

Department of Pediatrics1501 N. Campbell Ave.Tucson, AZ 85724

California

Valley Children’s Hospital

3151 N. Millbrook AvenueFresno, CA 93703

Childrens Hospital Los Angeles

University of Southern CaliforniaDivision of Hematology/Oncology#544650 Sunset Blvd.Los Angeles, CA 90054

Children’s Hospital of Oakland

University of California, San Francisco52nd StreetOakland, CA 94609

Children’s Hospital of Orange County

455 S. Main StreetP.O. Box 5700, Orange, CA 92863-5700Orange, CA 92868

Harbor/UCLA Medical CenterMemorial Miller Children’s HospitalPediatrics Hematology/Oncology1124 W. Carson StreetTorrance, CA 90502

Children’s Hospital and Health Center3020 Children’s Way, MC 5035San Diego, CA 92123

Colorado

The Children’s HospitalUniversity of Denver1056 19th AvenueDenver, CO 80218

Presbyterian/St. Luke’s Medical CenterChildhood Hematology/Oncology Associates1899 Williams Street Suite 300Denver, CO 80218

District of Columbia

Children’s National Medical CenterGeorge Washington University111 Michigan AvenueWashington, DC 20010

Florida

All Children’s Hospital801 Sixth Street SouthSt. Petersburg, FL 33701

Joe DiMaggio Children’s Hospital at Memorial1150 N. 35th Avenue Suite 520Hollywood, FL 33021

Miami Children’s Hospital6125 SW 31st StreetMiami, FL 33155

The Nemours Children’s Clinic, Jacksonville807 Nira StreetJacksonville, FL 32207

Nemours Children’s Clinic, Orlando83 West Columbia StreetOrlando, FL 32806

Tampa Children’s Hospital3001 W. Dr. M.L. King Blvd.Tampa, FL 33607

The Children’s Hospital of Southwest FloridaLee Memorial Health System9981 S. HealthPark DriveFt. Meyers, FL 33908

Georgia

Scottish Rite Children’s Medical CenterWilbur and Hilda Glenn Hospital for Children5455 Meridian Mark Road NE Suite 260Atlanta,GA30342

Illinois

Children’s Memorial Hospital at Chicago2300 Children’s PlazaChicago, IL 60614

Advocate Hope Children’s Hospital

Christ Hospital and Medical Center4440 West 95th Street

Hope Children’s HospitalOak Lawn, IL 60453

The University of Chicago Children’s HospitalUniversity of Chicago5841 S. Maryland MC 4060Chicago, IL 60637

Lutheran General Children’s Medical Center1775 W. Dempster StreetPark Ridge, IL 60068

Indiana

James Whitcomb Riley Hospital for ChildrenIndiana University Pediatric Hematology-Oncology702 Barnhill DriveIndianapolis, IN 46202

Iowa

Blank Children’s Hospital1200 Pleasant Street, Suite 430Des Moines, IA 50309

Children’s Hospital of Iowa

University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics200 Hawkins DriveIowa City, IA 52242

Kansas

University of Kansas Medical Center3901 Rainbow Blvd.Kansas City, KS 66160

Kentucky

A.B. Chandler Medical CenterUniversity of Kentucky800 Rose StreetLexington, KY 40536

Kosair-Children’s HospitalUniversity of Louisville Department of Pediatric Oncology571 S. Floyd Suite 300Louisville, KY 40202

Louisiana

Children’s of New Orleans/LSUMC CCOP200 Henry Clay AvenueNew Orleans, LA 70118

Tulane University Medical CenterPediatrics1430 Tulane AvenueNew Orleans, LA 70122

Maine

Maine Children’s Cancer ProgramMaine Medical Center-Scarborough100 US Route 1, Unit 107Scarborough, ME 04074

Maryland

The Johns Hopkins HospitalCMSC RM 800600 N. Wolfe StreetBaltimore, MD 21287

University of Maryland at BaltimorePediatric Oncology/Hematology22 S. Greene StreetBaltimore, MD 21201

Sinai Hospital of BaltimoreDepartment of Pediatrics2401 W. Belvedere Ave at GreenspringBaltimore, MD 21215

Massachusetts

Boston Floating Hospital for Infants and Children750 Washington StreetBoston, MA 02111

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Children’s Hospital, BostonPediatric Oncology44 Binney StreetBoston, MA 02115

Michigan

Children’s Hospital of MichiganDivision of Hematology/Oncology3901 Beaubien BlvdDetroit, MI 48201

C.S. Mott Children’s HospitalUniversity of Michigan Pediatric Hematology-Oncology1500 E. Medical Center DriveAnn Arbor, MI 48109

Minnesota

Mayo ClinicMayo Medical School Department of Pediatrics200 First Street SWRochester, MN 55905

Children’s Health Care-St. PaulHematology/Oncology345 North Smith AvenueSt. Paul, MN 55102

Mississippi

University of Mississippi Medical Center Children’s HospitalPediatric Hematology/Oncology2500 N. State StreetJackson, MS 39216

Montana

Cardinal Glennon Children’s Hospital1465 South Grand BlvdSt. Louis, MO 63104

The Children’s Mercy HospitalUniversity of Missouri Department of Pediatrics Hem-Onc2401 Gillham RoadKansas City, MO 64108

Nebraska

Children’s HospitalCreighton University-University of Nebraska Pediatric Hematology-Oncology8301 Dodge StreetOmaha, NE 68114

Nevada

Sunrise Children’s HospitalUniversity of California, Los Angeles Department of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology3186 S. Maryland ParkwayLas Vegas, NV 89109

New Jersey

The Institute for Children with Cancer and Blood DisordersThe Cancer Institute of New Jersey195 Little Albany StreetNew Brunswick, NJ 08901

New York

Babies HospitalCollege of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia UniversityDivision of Pediatric Oncology630 W. 168th StreetNew York, NY 10032

Schneider Children’s Hospital271-16 76 Ave.New Hyde Park, NY 11042

North Carolina

Ruth and Billy Graham Children’s Medical Health CenterMemorial Mission Hospital50 Doctors DriveAsheville, NC 28801

Ohio

Children’s Hospital Medical Center of AkronOne Perkins SquareAkron, OH 44308

Children’s Hospital Medical CenterUniversity of Cincinnati Hematology/Oncology Division3333 Burnet AvenueCincinnati, OH 45229

Rainbow Babies and Children’s HospitalCase Western Reserve University11100 Euclid AvenueCleveland, OH 44106

Columbus Children’s HospitalOhio State University Department of Pediatric Hematology / Oncology700 Children’s DriveColumbus, OH 43205

The Children’s Medical Center Payton1 Children’s PlazaDayton, OH 45404

Oklahoma

Warren Clinic, Inc.Pediatric Hematology/Oncology6161 S. Yale AvenueTulsa, OK 74136

Oregon

Doernbecher Children’s HospitalOregon Health Sciences University Pediatric Oncology3181 SW Sam Jackson Park RoadPortland, OR 97201

Pennsylvania

The Children’s Hospital of PhiladelphiaUniversity of Pennsylvania Division of Oncology324 S. 34th StreetPhiladelphia, PA 19104

Children’s Hospital of PittsburghUniversity of Pittsburgh Department of Pediatric Hematology — Oncology3705 Fifth AvenuePittsburgh, PA 15213

St. Christopher’s Hospital for ChildrenErie Ave. at Front StreetPhiladelphia, PA 19134

South Carolina

Children’s Center for Cancer and Blood DisordersUniversity of South Carolina7 Richland Medical Park Suite 203Columbia, SC 29203

The Children’s Hospital of the Greenville Hospital System701 Grove RoadGreenville, SC 29609

Tennessee

St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital Memphis332 N. LauderdaleMemphis, TN 38105

East Tennessee Children’s HospitalPediatric Hematology-OncologyP.O. Box 15010Knoxville, TN 37901

Vanderbilt Children’s HospitalVanderbilt University Pediatric Hematology-Oncology2200 Children’s WayNashville, TN 37232

Texas

Children’s Hospital of North Texas at Medical City DallasPediatric Hematology/Oncology7777 Forest LaneDallas, TX 75230

Cook-Fort Worth Children’s Medical CenterHematology-Oncology Department801 Seventh Ave.Fort Worth, TX 76104

Driscoll Children’s HospitalHematology/Oncology3533 South AlamedaCorpus Christi, TX 78411

San Antonio Military Pediatric Cancer and Blood Disorders CenterPediatric Hematology/Oncology/MNPO2200 Bergquist Drive Suite 1Lackland AFB, TX 78236

Texas Children’s Cancer Center at Baylor College of Medicine6621 Fannin Street MC 3-3320Houston, TX 77030

Children’s Hospital of Austin at Brackenridge Hospital601 E. 15th., Box 48Austin, TX 78701

Hodges Cancer Center at Methodist Children’s Hospital3606 21st Street Suite 106Lubbock, TX 79410

Utah

Primary Children’s Medical CenterUniversity of Utah Department of Hematology-Oncology100 N. Medical DriveSalt Lake City, UT 84113

Virginia

The Carilion Medical Center for Children at Roanoke Community HospitalPediatric Hematology/Oncology101 Elm AvenueRoanoke, VA 24029

Washington

Children’s Hospital and Medical CenterUniversity of Washington Pediatric Hematology-Oncology4800 Sand Point Way NESeattle, WA 98105

Mary Bridge Children’s Hospital316 South K Street Suite 212Tacoma, WA 98405

Wisconsin

Midwest Children’s Cancer CenterMCW — Pediatrics8701 Watertown Plank Rd.Milwaukee, WI 53226

University of Wisconsin Children’s HospitalUniversity of Wisconsin Department of Hematology-Oncology600 Highland AvenueMadison, WI 53792

Resources

American Cancer Society (2007). Find a pediatric cancer center. Retrieved September 5, 2007, from the ACS Web site: http://www.cancer.org/docroot/FTC/ftc_0.asp?sitearea=ETO.

American Cancer Society (2007). When your child has cancer. Retrieved September 5, 2007, from the ACS Web site: http://www.cancer.org/docroot/ETO/content/ETO_2_6X_When_Your_Child_Has_Cancer_7.asp.