Pain Causes

At some time in life, every person feels some sort of pain. Pain can be the result of a new injury, an old injury, a chronic condition or a number of other things. Because pain can be caused by a variety of factors, pain relief options vary widely. For example, chronic pain (pain that recurs and lasts longer than six months) will require different pain treatment than acute pain, which is shorter in duration.

When you experience pain, seeking medical attention for a proper diagnosis is key to getting the treatment you need so that you can resume your daily life.

In this section we’ll examine the various aspects that causes pain, including everything from migraines to arthritis to muscle spasms. Our articles discuss the causes, treatment options and associated prevention methods for different causes of pain.

Headaches and Migraines

Headaches and migraines are among the most common conditions that cause people pain. Because headaches come in many varieties and can differ greatly in severity, they can be hard to treat. For example, while some headaches only produce pain at the temples, others cause pain at back of the head or all over the head. In general, over-the-counter medication, such as Tylenol® or Advil®, are effective at reducing the pain associated with headaches.

Migraines are more severe types of headaches. In addition to the pain of the headache itself, migraines also make the patient:

  • feel nauseated
  • have sensitivity to light
  • have sensitivity to sound
  • see spots or colors.

Not every migraine sufferer experiences all symptoms.

Learn more about the causes, types, prevention and treatment for headaches and migraines.

Strains and Sprains

Sprains occur when a ligament is injured, while strains occur when a muscle or tendon of the body is damaged. Although sprains and strains are considered minor injuries, they can still cause a person a great deal of pain. Along with the pain, symptoms generally include:

  • bruising
  • loss of mobility at the injury site
  • swelling.

Treatment methods include over-the-counter pain relievers and, in some cases, prescription painkillers. Sufferers can also use cold or heat compresses to relieve pain. To ensure proper healing, avoid putting any weight or pressure on the site of strains and sprains.

Cuts and Breaks

Cuts and breaks are among the most common afflictions that cause pain. While the skin is strong enough to protect the body’s internal organs, objects can still penetrate it, causing people to suffer from cuts. Pain from a cut generally doesn’t last long, and typical treatments for cuts revolve around thoroughly cleaning it, applying antibiotic ointment and then dressing it with a bandage.

Cuts that are especially deep or bleed profusely may require a visit to the hospital and a few stitches. Stitches hold the skin together, helping the skin repair itself.

A bone break is another very common injury that causes pain. When a person breaks a bone, he will likely have to wear a cast for a specific period of time to allow keep the bones in place and help them heal faster. Doctors may also recommend over-the-counter pain relievers or prescribe their patients pain medication to relieve the pain.

Learning about prevention techniques, as well as treatment options, are essential, as few people go through life free of any cuts and breaks.


Mayo Clinic (2007). Migraines. Retrieved September 14, 2007 from the Mayo Clinic Web site:

Mayo Clinic (2007). Sprains and Strains. Retrieved September 14, 2007 from the Mayo Clinic Web site: