Ovarian Cysts Types Hemorrhagic

An ovarian cyst is a sac of fluid or tissue that develops on or inside an ovary. Types of cysts in the ovary may vary in size from pea-sized growths to a cyst as large as a grapefruit.

Approximately 95 percent of ovarian cysts are harmless and benign. An ovarian cyst can occur in women of any age, but most often affect women during their childbearing years. Some ovarian cysts can rupture, bleed or cause pain. Painful or large ovarian cysts may need to be removed through surgery. A small percentage of ovarian cysts are cancerous, so all types of cysts should be carefully diagnosed.

Ovarian Hemorrhagic Cyst

Hemorrhagic cysts are amongst the most common types of cysts. This ovarian cyst is also known as a blood cyst or hematocyst. These occur when a blood vessel in the wall of a cyst breaks, causing blood to flood into the cyst.

Hemorrhagic cysts are a type of functional cyst, meaning that they occur during the course of the female menstruation process and are affected by the hormones. Functional cysts, also known as simple cysts, have nothing to do with disease. These types of cysts can require no treatment, and usually resolve without the need for surgery.

Symptoms of Hemorrhagic Cysts

When women experience symptoms of hemorrhagic cysts, the first sign is usually abdominal pain. Ovarian hemorrhagic cyst pain usually develops on one side of the body. If these types of cysts rupture, it can bleed into the ovary, causing pain and the rapid stretching of the ovarian wall. If this occurs, a sonogram may reveal blood clots that have formed in the ovary. Anemia-related signs and symptoms may be present.

While a ruptured ovarian hemorrhagic cyst is quite painful, the chance of these types of cysts rupturing is low. Most often, this type of ovarian cyst will regulate itself. In some cases, even hemorrhagic cysts that rupture resolve without the need for surgery. A large hemorrhagic cyst may require surgical removal.

In order to ease minor pain or other symptoms of hemorrhagic cysts, medical professionals may prescribe:

  • Narcotics
  • OTC pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen
  • Prescription pain medications.

Some other methods of releasing tension and stimulating circulation include using:

  • Heating pads
  • Hot water bottles
  • Ice packs.

If you have hemorrhagic cysts, or any type of ovarian cyst lasting longer than two or three menstrual cycles, talk to your doctor about treatment options. Women with a family history of ovarian cancer should have ovarian cysts checked carefully for signs of malignancy.

Ovarian Hemorrhagic Cyst Surgery

If ovarian cyst surgery becomes necessary, doctors often employ laparoscopy to remove hemorrhagic cysts. A laparoscopy is minimally invasive, often referred to as keyhole surgery or pinhole surgery. During a laparoscopy, a doctor will make very small incisions for hemorrhagic cysts, generally around the belly button area. He’ll then insert a thin rod lens and camera system to perform surgery and remove the ovarian cyst.

Some of the advantages of a laparoscopy ovarian cyst removal are:

  • Less blood loss
  • Less pain
  • Less scarring due to smaller incisions
  • Shorter recovery periods.

Note that a very large ovarian hemorrhagic cyst may require a larger incision, and sometimes, a more traditional surgical method involving a large abdominal incision.

Resources

eMedicineHealth Staff. (n.d.). Ovarian cysts. Retrieved February 14, 2010, from the eMedicineHealth Web site: http://www.emedicinehealth.com/ovarian_cysts/article_em.htm.

Parker, W. (n.d.). About ovarian cysts. Retrieved February 14, 2010, from the Parker MD Web site: http://www.parkermd.com/ovarian-cysts.htm.