Male Pattern Baldness Treatment Surgical

For many men with male pattern baldness, baldness treatment drugs and non-medical solutions (like wigs or comb-overs) just don’t work, leaving men with the option of surgical hair restoration.

While many advertisements portray baldness treatment surgeries as routine and safe, these procedures are typically quite expensive and carry risk of pain, infection, scarring and unattractive results. Hair transplant surgeries and other methods of surgical hair restoration should be carefully considered after all other options have failed. Only visit a board-certified dermatologist, plastic surgeon or cosmetic surgeon for surgical baldness treatment.

Surgical Hair Restoration: Hair Transplant

A hair transplant is the most common surgical baldness treatment used by doctors for patients unhappy with their male pattern baldness. Modern techniques, mainly follicular unit transplantation (during which individual units of one to four hairs are transplanted) allow doctors to transplant single hairs into the scalp, giving a much more natural look than the plugs and “corn rows” of past decades.

When performing a hair transplant, a surgeon removes donor hairs from the back of the head and transplants them onto the front of the scalp. Depending on the surgical hair restoration method, doctors may move one hair at a time or many hairs and varying amounts of tissue.

Side effects of hair surgery may include:

  • Pain and discomfort after the surgery
  • Swelling of the head and face
  • Temporary scabs.

Bleeding, scarring and infection are other rare but serious side effects.

Surgical Hair Restoration: Scalp Reduction

Scalp reduction is another surgical baldness treatment option for men with male pattern baldness. This involves actually reducing the amount of bald skin present on the scalp; in other words, a bald piece of the scalp is removed and the area is covered with a part of the scalp that bears hair. For best results, scalp reduction surgery is often combined with a hair transplant.

Scalp reduction carries with it certain risks. The temporary side effects of this surgery are generally discomfort, swelling and numbness in the operated area. However, sometimes more serious complications can happen with this kind of surgical hair restoration, such as scarring, suture lines and “stretch back” of skin in the operated area.


Mayo Clinic Staff. (2010). Hair loss. Retrieved March 8, 2011, from

International Society of Hair Restoration Surgery. (2010). Hair transplant Surgery for Hair Restoration. Retrieved March 8, 2011, from

International Society of Hair Restoration Surgery. (2010). Scalp reduction Surgery for Hair Restoration. Retrieved March 8, 2011 from