Eye Problems Presbyopia

Presbyopia is when the eye loses its ability to focus, resulting in blurry vision. Presbyopia isn’t an eye disease but rather an eye condition, as it is a natural result of the aging process.

Symptoms of Presbyopia

The main symptom of presbyopia is blurred vision when looking at objects that are near to you. Thus, many people who have presbyopia have trouble reading at a normal distance and tend to hold text at a distance in order to see it clearly.

People who suffer from presbyopia often strain their eyes to see clearly, thus they also tend to suffer from headaches and fatigue.

Like many other vision problems, presbyopia is often more noticeable in dim lighting and becomes much less noticeable in bright light. This is because the pupil shrinks dramatically in bright light, greatly enhancing your depth of focus.

Presbyopia of the Eye

Who is affected by Presbyopia?

As presbyopia is a natural result of the aging process, almost everyone will experience it to some extent during their lives. In fact, it is estimated that 90 million people in the U.S. either currently have presbyopia or will develop it by 2014.

Generally, symptoms of presbyopia become noticeable when people are in their 40s or 50s.

Eye Exams for Presbyopia

If you begin to notice the symptoms of presbyopia, you should schedule an appointment with your eye doctor as soon as possible. If you do not receive the proper treatment, you may strain your eyes and actually make your vision worse.

During your appointment, your eye doctor will perform a basic eye exam to determine whether or not you suffer from presbyopia. During the exam, your doctor will ask for your medical history and for the medical history of your family. He will then conduct a visual acuity test and will use a special instrument to see inside your eye.

Presbyopia Treatment

If your doctor diagnoses you with presbyopia, he will most likely suggest you wear prescription eyeglasses or contact lenses. Those people who already wear corrective lenses for another eye condition may need bifocals or other types or progressive addition lenses to treat both conditions simultaneously.

Depending on a person’s profession or lifestyle, your doctor might also suggest you wear different pairs of eyeglasses for different activities. For instance, he might suggest you wear one prescription while reading and another while driving.

If you’re diagnosed with presbyopia, you can also choose to wear a special type of contact lens called a multifocal contact lens. These lenses function similarly to bifocals.

You can also wear monovision lenses, in which you wear a different prescription in each eye, one for focusing on distant objects and one for focusing on objects that are near. However, monovision lenses can cause problems in depth perception, leading to dizziness or nausea.

With presbyopia, you should expect your prescription to change and increase over time since, as your eyes will typically worsen as you age.

In addition to wearing glasses or contacts, you can also get surgery to help relieve presbyopia. In one such surgery, a doctor enhances the curvature of your cornea to improve your vision. However, many surgeries for presbyopia can’t offer a permanent solution to the condition.