Different Infertility Tests For Men And Women

If you and your partner are having trouble conceiving a child, make an appointment for both of you to undergo infertility tests. In some cases, a number of factors may be contributing to your problem.

Infertility Tests for Men
In order for a man to take part in conception, he must be able to produce healthy sperm that can be effectively ejaculated into a woman’s vagina. The first step in testing for infertility is a general health exam, in which the doctor will examine you genitals and ask questions about regular sex habits and performance.

In some cases, infertility may be due to impotence or premature ejaculation. If this is ruled out, you will require more tests.

In a semen analysis, your doctor will ask for a sperm sample. The sample will be sent to the lab and evaluated for color, quantity and the presence of any infections or blood. If infertility is due to low sperm count or motility, semen analysis will discover this.

A blood test can tell doctors whether your levels of testosterone or other reproductive hormones are responsible for conception problems.

A transrectal and scrotal ultrasound may be performed so that doctors can evaluate internal problems, such as ejaculatory duct obstructions.

Infertility Tests for Women
Women will need to have a general physical and gynecological examination. A doctor may take a blood sample to test hormones for ovulation. Blood tests may be used to examine other hormone functions, such as the thyroid and pituitary gland. Ovarian reserve testing can be performed as a part of hormone tests, to determine whether a woman’s eggs are viable, if the tests are performed early in her menstrual cycle.

In a hysterosalpingography procedure, fluid is injected into the uterus and an X-ray is taken to discover whether blockages in the reproductive organs may be responsible.

Pelvic ultrasounds can determine if uterine or fallopian tube diseases and infections may be present.

A laparoscopy is a surgical procedure in which general anesthesia is used. An incision is made beneath the navel so that a small camera can be inserted, allowing doctors a direct view of the reproductive organs to identify potential problems other tests may not register.

Finally, genetic testing may be performed to find out if genetic defects or factors play a role in the infertility.

Most individuals will not undergo all tests, but a combination may be needed to discover the reasons behind infertility in men and women.