Common Poisons And Treatments Emergency Response First Aid

Because poisonous substances are so prevalent in everyday life, it’s essential to know about emergency treatments for poisoning and how to contact the nearest poison control center.

A variety of substances can poison a person, and each cause calls for a different type of emergency treatment. A medical emergency may require a trip to the emergency room, while some poisonings can be treated with the contents of a home first aid kit.

Causes and Symptoms of Poisoning

There are four ways an emergency poisoning can be caused. A poisonous substance can be ingested, inhaled, absorbed or injected.

Signs of poison by ingestion include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Burns around the lips
  • Nausea
  • Trouble breathing.

Signs that someone has inhaled something poisonous are:

  • Lightheadedness, dizziness or fainting
  • Skin that is pale or bluish in color
  • Unconsciousness
  • Unexplained, brief personality changes.

If poison is absorbed via the skin, symptoms may include:

  • A rash on the skin
  • Feelings of nausea
  • Itching or burning.

If someone is stung by a bee or another venomous insect they may:

  • Experience an allergic reaction
  • Go into shock.

If you think someone has been exposed to a poison and they’re exhibiting any of the above symptoms, you may want to visit the nearest emergency room.

Getting Treatment for Poisoning

The safest and most effective at-home treatment for poisoning is “elimination.” If someone has ingested or absorbed poison, you want to be sure they have spit it out or rinsed it off with lukewarm water. If someone has breathed in the poisonous substance, get the person fresh air.

Avoid inducing vomiting. This should only be done by medical professionals.

In the case of an emergency poisoning, it’s vital that you call a Poison Control Center or 911. The American Association of Poison Control Centers has over 60 locations open across the United States. These centers can not only give you emergency medical information if you or someone you love has encountered a poisonous substance, but they also have qualified professional clinicians and poison experts who can give you the help you need in an emergency situation.

Emergency Medical Services (EMS) provide professional medical personnel, equipment and facilities to those in need of medical assistance within particular areas.

If you think that you or someone with you has been poisoned, click here for first aid and emergency information. If you think the poisoning is a medical emergency, contact the Poison Control Center, call 911 or visit your local emergency room.

Resources

Alameda County. (n.d.). What is EMS? Retrieved April 27, 2010, from http://www.acgov.org/ems/Resource/overview_of_ems_systems.PDF.

American Association of Poison Control Centers. (n. d). About AAPCC. Retrieved April 27, 2010, from thttp://www.aapcc.org/dnn/AAPCC/AboutAAPCC/tabid/410/Default.aspx.

Cyr, D. L.. (2006). Symptoms and first aid of poisoning. Retrieved April 27, 2010, from http://nasdonline.org/document/977/d000817/symptoms-and-first-aid-for-poisonings.html.

Emedicinehealth. (2010). Poisoning. Retrieved April 27, 2010, from http://www.emedicinehealth.com/poisoning/page8_em.htm.

Shannon, M. (2000). Ingestion of toxic substances by children. Retrieved April 27, 2010, from http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/short/342/3/186.

Think Quest. (n. d). Poison. Retrieved April 27, 2010, from http://library.thinkquest.org/10624/poison.html.