Common Poisons And Treatments Causes Poisoning Mushroom

Thousands of types of mushrooms grow all over the world, many of which can be poisonous to humans. It is often difficult to distinguish between poisonous and nonpoisonous mushrooms, so amateur mushroom gatherers run the risk of misidentifying a mushroom in the wild and ingesting dangerous toxins. Small children may also ingest a mushroom they find growing in the lawn or woods, not realizing it’s poisonous.

Most poisonous mushrooms cannot be made nontoxic by cooking, canning (preserving) or freezing; in some cases preparation actually intensifies the toxicity as the toxins spread into other food cooked with the mushrooms. Although the list of poisonous mushrooms is extensive, some common types that cause mushroom poisoning are:

  • Amanitas
  • False morels
  • Jack-O’-Lantern
  • Little brown mushrooms.

Amanita mushroom poisoning is the most common type of mushroom poisoning, and accounts for an estimated 90 percent or more of mushroom fatalities. Amanita mushrooms are brightly colored and often found under birch trees or pines.

Symptoms of Mushroom Poisoning

With regard to symptoms, mushroom poisoning may occur rapidly or onset may take several hours. Symptoms can continue for hours and in more severe cases, even days. Some of the most common symptoms linked to mushroom poisoning are:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Head pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting.

In more severe cases of mushroom poisoning, the liver, kidneys and heart suffer irreversible damage. If you think you or a loved one is experiencing mushroom poisoning, it’s critical to call 911 and receive treatment right away to prevent long-term damage.

Mushroom Poisoning Treatment

Mushroom poisoning treatment is often the same as with other types of poisoning. The first thing to do in the case of a mushroom poisoning emergency is to control the ABC’s (airway, breathing, and circulation). Some other mushroom poisoning treatments include:

  • Activated charcoal
  • Antidotes
  • IV fluid hydration
  • Oxygen therapy.

If you experience mushroom poisoning symptoms, and especially if you think you are suffering from amanita mushroom poisoning, it’s important to seek medical attention immediately. If possible, bring a sample of the mushroom you ingested so doctors can identify the type and treat you appropriately. It’s also important to get medical help if you experience:

  • Jaundice
  • Ongoing diarrhea
  • Severe stomach pain.

As with any type of poisoning, mushroom poisoning can be serious and even fatal. Before you pick any wild mushrooms, make sure you are educated about types of poisonous mushrooms.

Resources

Abemarle Pulmonary Medicine Associates. (n.d.). Mushroom poisoning. Retrieved May 9, 2010, from http://apma-nc.com/httpdocs/PatientEducation/mushroom_poisoning.htm.

Amanita Muscaria. (n.d.). Amanita muscaria. Retrieved May 9, 2010, http://amanita-muscaria.org/mushrooms/amanita_muscaria.php.

Basset, B. (n.d.). Edible and poisonous mushrooms. Retrieved May 9, 2010, from http://mdc.mo.gov/nathis/mushrooms/mushroom/.

Poisoning Symptoms and Signs. (n.d.). Mushroom poisoning symptoms. Retrieved May 9, 2010, from http://poisoningsymptoms.com/mushroom-poisoning-symptoms/.

U.S. Drug and Food Administration Staff. (2009). BBB mushroom toxins. Retrieved May 9, 2010, from http://www.fda.gov/Food/FoodSafety/FoodborneIllness/FoodborneIllnessFoodbornePathogensNaturalToxins/BadBugBook/ucm070853.htm.