An Overview Of Surgical Procedures To Treat Infertility In Women

Infertility in women can be a result of many different factors, including early menopause, damage to the reproductive system due to injury or illness, ovulation disorders, endometriosis or hormone imbalances.

If you’ve tried oral medications for treating infertility but haven’t seen positive results, you may opt for surgical procedure to treat infertility in women.

Laparoscopic Surgery to Facilitate Conception
In cases where the reproductive system has blockages that cause infertility, laparoscopic surgery can be used to repair the condition with minimal invasiveness and risk. This is often used when the fallopian tubes are blocked, which means the egg cannot receive sperm.

Laparoscopic procedures are minor surgeries which can usually be performed on an outpatient basis. Healing times are minimal, and most are able to resume your normal activities almost immediately.

Assisted Reproductive Technology
Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) is one of the most common and successful kinds of infertility treatments. It involves the collaboration of a team of health professionals who work together with all parties to help ensure a successful conception and pregnancy.

Many different types of ART are available, and most involve physically extracting the man’s sperm and implanting them into the woman’s egg directly. The most common and effective ART is in vitro fertilization (IVF).

In Vitro Fertilization and In Vitro Maturation
Once the doctor has received the sperm, they cam implant it into the egg using several different methods. IVF is one of the most popular methods.

In IVF, a doctor will surgically remove eggs from the woman’s uterus. Then, in a laboratory setting, the doctor will use the eggs and the sperm previously retrieved to manually conceive within a petri dish.

Once the eggs have been fertilized they are called embryos. The embryos are placed back into the woman’s uterus approximately three to five days after conception so that they can continue to grow.

In vitro maturation (IVM) is similar to IVF, except that the eggs are removed from the uterus and allowed to mature in the laboratory. This method is used for women who are unable to produce mature eggs because of anomalies within their reproductive systems.

IVM has been an effective solution for many women who could not previously conceive due to the effects of radiation therapy and chemotherapy.

Learn more about how in vitro fertilization works to determine if this method is for you.