An Introduction To The Many Types Of Fertility Medications

Fertility drugs are the first course of treatment for women who suffer infertility as a result of ovulation disorders. They work by regulating or inducing ovulation. Many types of fertility medications are available, though certain drugs may work better for certain individual conditions.

Treating Infertility with Oral Medications
Clomiphene citrate is an oral fertility drug given to stimulate ovulation. It works on the pituitary gland, by triggering the gland to release natural follicle-stimulating hormones (FSH) and luteinizing hormones (LH) that cause ovarian follicles to release the egg. They have a high success rate for women with ovulation disorders, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Metformin is an oral medication that enhances ovulation, especially when insulin resistance is the suspected cause of infertility.

Hormone Therapy for Infertility
For women whose bodies aren’t able to produce enough of the necessary hormones to ovulate and conceive, hormone injections can be administered. FHS injections are natural hormones that work to stimulate egg follicle maturation in the ovaries.

Human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) is an injected medication often used for women whose pituitary glands aren’t able to start ovulation. It contains both FHS and LH hormones, but unlike clomiphene treatments, it works to stimulate the ovaries directly instead of the pituitary gland.

Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) is another type of gonadotropin medication, usually used in conjunction with clomiphene and hMG, which stimulates the ovarian follicle to release the egg.

Gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogs is a treatment schedule given to women with irregular or premature ovulation cycles. Using a series of daily injections and inhalants, they work by suppressing pituitary gland activity, altering hormone growth so that a doctor may use FSH to induce follicle growth.

FSH can be injected directly to supplement the body’s natural hormones.

Other Types of Infertility Treatments
Bromocriptine is a medication that can be taken orally or by injection. It works to inhibit the body’s production of prolactin, the hormone that stimulates milk production in pregnant women and new mothers. Increased levels of prolactin can disrupt regular ovulation, and bromocriptine works to counteract this occurrence.

Aromatose inhibitors are medications usually given to treat advanced breast cancer patients and are not FDA-approved for use against infertility, however doctors may sometimes prescribe these drugs to women who don’t respond to other fertility treatments, such as clomiphene.

Fertility drugs can be used with much success, but make sure you understand the risks of fertility medications before agreeing to treatment.