An Introduction To Infertility In Men And Women

If you’ve been trying to conceive for over a year without success, you may be facing infertility issues. Infertility is defined by the inability to get pregnant despite having frequent, unprotected sex for a year or more. Approximately 10 to 15 percent of American couples experience infertility (The Mayo Clinic, 2011).

Infertility and The Common Risk Factors

Infertility can be a temporary condition caused by external stresses, or a permanent condition related to biological malfunctions. It can be the result of one or more factors, in one or both partners. In many cases, infertility can be treated safely and effectively.
Infertility in men can be caused by low sperm production or low sperm motility. Sometimes this is a result of a genetic problem, while other times outside factors might be the cause. These factors may entail overexposure to environmental pollutants, exposure to radiation or chemotherapy.
In women, infertility may be caused by damage to the uterus and fallopian tubes, ovulation disorders, early menopause or exposure to toxins and radiation.
Many factors can decrease fertility. Women over 30 often have decreased fertility hormones, as do men over the age of 40. Frequent use of alcohol or tobacco can increase your risk of fertility, as can frequent exercise for women. Being dramatically overweight or underweight can reduce the chance of conception as well.

Types of Infertility Treatments

In most cases, once the cause of infertility is identified, effective treatments can be employed. If the problem is related to low sperm counts or motility, hormones can be given to men to improve the chances of conception.
If a woman is suffering infertility due to ovulation disorders, many types of fertility drugs may be tried to increase the chance of successful conception. These include oral medications, injections, hormone therapies and surgical procedures.

Alternative Options for Individuals Who Suffer From Infertility

If you and your partner continue to have trouble conceiving after trying infertility treatments, you may opt for Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART). ART involves a team of health care professionals working together to help you conceive, using methods such as:
• Assisted hatching
• Electric or vibratory stimulation to achieve ejaculation
• Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)
• In Vitro Fertilization
• Surgical sperm aspiration.
Another option for couple who can’t conceive is adoption. Millions of children around the world are in need of loving homes, and would benefit greatly from the love of a caring parent. If you’re having trouble with conception and aren’t a candidate for fertility treatments, adoption may be your best option.